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#100564 Mishima: Incised Through Wax Resist Or Scraped?

Posted by PeterH on 24 January 2016 - 06:11 PM

If I'm not mistaken, CAD has an article about a ceramist who incises, bisques, and then inlays.  I couldn't find the article earlier, but I'm 99.9% positive it exists and that it's something from this site.


Rings a bell. The one I remember is:


#99756 What Kind Of Relays Do You Use In Electric Kilns?

Posted by PeterH on 15 January 2016 - 09:59 AM

So I have two lines one at +120v and one at -120v that swap about?

Location Newcastle Upon Tyne. England


neilestrick: All that said, kilns in England may be different.


Single-phase UK is [almost] invariably 240V [ish] neutral and live. Although 2-pole switches are a very good thing,

especially considering how close your hands get to the coils.


PS UK neural should be safe, but mis-wiring, wiring failures and unexpected funnies can prevent this.

  • Min likes this

#99586 Spodumene

Posted by PeterH on 14 January 2016 - 07:47 AM

Passed on in case you have bubble-trouble with a high-spodumene glaze.



Some types of spodumene do contribute to the formation of bubbles in the

glaze slurry. You can wash spodumene before use to alleviate this issue

(mix it well in plenty of hot water, allow to settle overnight, pour off the water

the next day and dry it).


#98933 Cobalt Carbonate - 46%

Posted by PeterH on 06 January 2016 - 07:00 PM

Tyler is right, it may just be a change in presentation.


46% "Cobalt Carbonate" seems to be sold as an animal feed (with various information in the MSDSs).


The 46% seems to be the weight % of cobalt.


This MSDS gives the formula as 2CoCo3.3Co(OH)2.H2O and % Co in the range 45-53%



This is the formula for a hydrated basic cobalt carbonate, and my back-of-the-envelope

maths suggests that should theoretically contain 55% cobalt.

[ (5*59)/(5*59+13*16+7*1+2*12) if you want to check I got the calculation right]



I seem to remember a thread on copper carbonate a long time ago (when the colour

of somebodies supply changed), and we realised that neither the new nor the old

product was the CuCo3 that our chemistry teachers told us about.


... it was  New Copper Carb A Way Different Color and  jrgpots supplied the answer

Trying to remember my geology, Malachite, Cu2Co3(OH)2, is a mint green and

azurite,Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2 is bright blue. Both are forms of copper carbonate.



#98888 Guess The Rock.

Posted by PeterH on 06 January 2016 - 07:51 AM

I'm certain that you would find parts of Brian Sutherland's book "Glazes from natural sources" interesting.



[I picked up a copy in a remaindered bookshop, and have never used it "in anger".]



#98769 Slip Cast Ice Cream Cone?

Posted by PeterH on 04 January 2016 - 10:08 AM

Benzene: You might want to fill the cone with something to prevent against collapse, from the weight of the plaster.


Good point, and you will also want to do this with something fairly dense to stop the cone floating about

in the unset plaster. Damp clay is good, but keep contaminated clay well away from your other plaster. 


Cultures vary, but many UK cones have significant detail in the rim.


If you want to mould this (and the rest of the cone suits a drop-out mould) you may want address this

with a some sort of removable spare. (That needs a picture, ask if you are interested.)


I suggest that you

- make a simple drop-out mould of the main body of the cone

- check that the casting does drop-out!
- then, if you would like to share views on multi-part moulds, re-post (with a picture of the cone)

#98725 Gravity Feed Slip Trailer

Posted by PeterH on 03 January 2016 - 07:48 PM

Pugaboo: Look up Airpen


Thanks, that's the one I was meaning.


http://www.silkpaint...irPen Color.pdf


#98052 Insulating Ceramic Cups?

Posted by PeterH on 26 December 2015 - 07:41 PM

You might also consider trying a lid. Heat loss from a styrofoam cup is certainly reduced:


... figure from http://www.madsci.or...84491.Ph.r.html




#96037 Cut, Spiral Bit Warped In Kiln

Posted by PeterH on 19 November 2015 - 04:10 PM

I'd been wondering about a variant of Chris's idea. Fire fully-cut and unglazed to cone 6

with the pot resting on its rim. Looking at the first picture most of the slumping seems to

be happening near the rim. (At the least you are reducing the spiral by its thickest 1800.)


Then low-fire glaze.  BTW glazing a vitrified pot can present problems, unless you are

using a "painting" glaze full of gums.

#95703 Making Sodium Silicate.

Posted by PeterH on 11 November 2015 - 07:47 PM

Seems like a high water content.  Is that normal?


UK suppliers seem to sell "sodium silicate" in two strength 75 & 1400Tw  (degrees Twaddle).

Personally I found the 140 to be very difficult to handle and measure. Haven't tried the 75,

buying Dispex last time I needed a deflocculant.


IIRC most recipes just say sodium silicate and don't give a strength. I've no idea what strength(s)

are normal in the US.


Of the URLs given in this thread so far:

- the Axner ref gives a trade-name but no strength, although recommending diluting 50:50 with water

   - a MSDS for the brand gives a s.g. of 1.39 [=780Tw?] http://www.muirbeach...um_silicate.pdf

- the Mistral ref is 750Tw

- the pure-water refs don't seem to give a strength

- my APC Pure ref gives a strength of 82-860Tw


So this is the strength I would buy for use as a deflocculant (or dilute a more concentrated form down to).


However I'm delighted you asked the question because I realise it probably isn't the right strength for the original poster.

Who said in a later post: I wanted to experiment with it as a refractory glue.


So I now realise that he probably wants/needs the sodium silicate as strong as he can get it.  I haven't done a full

search but as a guide Bath Potters offer 1400Tw at £3.14/500g & £23.08/5Kg; unfortunately plus P&P (£3.70 & £10).



If you do go the DIY route have a look at the price of the silica-gel cat-litters (may have to: pick indicator crystals out,

and dry in the oven).


Watch the H&S. I have regarded caustic liquids a lot more warily since seeing a note pinned up in a wet-chemistry

lab saying that somebody in another commercial lab had managed to dissolving part of his eyeball with N/10 NaOH

(he recovered). N/10 NaOH is/was the standard titration strength and is pretty weak (0.4%?), so stronger, stickier

and hotter solutions deserve careful handling.

#95513 Making Sodium Silicate.

Posted by PeterH on 08 November 2015 - 05:35 PM

With prices as low as £8.75 for 1litre inc P&P it hardly seems worth the effort (but if it's fun...).


... advertised with a surprisingly full specification


Moderately interesting document at:

http://www.pqcorp.co...NG oct 2004.pdf

#95396 Home Made Kiln Controller

Posted by PeterH on 06 November 2015 - 06:57 PM

Also dropped a lot of readings and gave me a value of 'nan' not sure what that means yet.


NaN = Not a Number



It's basically a great way of handling those embarrassing situations such as an unanticipated divide by zero.

The NaN propagates through subsequent uses of the variable.

#93954 Cat Walked On Keyboard, Type Too Small To Read, Need Fix

Posted by PeterH on 08 October 2015 - 12:12 PM

Joseph F. wrote

hold ctrl key(bottom left)  and roll your mouse wheel. its probably zoomed.



... reminds me of the time my Unix main window finished up black characters on a black background.

#91435 Weird Liquefied Slip ....

Posted by PeterH on 26 August 2015 - 08:37 AM

What would be the results of adding too much SS?


See the first graph in


#91129 Using Fresh Leaves For Making Molds

Posted by PeterH on 20 August 2015 - 07:23 AM

nancylee: Haven't tried this myself, but the following suggests that one way is to make a

negative impression in plaster, then take a latex positive from that.


Using a big leaf.


Pre-treating leaves to flatten them.