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Week 30 Houses in the form of burial urns, Soul houses fully furnished, and other houses of all sorts are_____________________. often very detailed universal world wide can be functional or decorative all of the above Taws or _________________ were stoneware or earthenware balls of apparently solid clay, and used in a game of “bowls”. One plain ball and six with colored rings made up a set. Some modern potters have made them. Spindles Carpet balls Pugs Carpet bowls A bowl on a stem, a Eucharist wine cup, all describe a form that general form that has persisted in great variety of proportion and shape for thousands of years. The name for this object is__________________. goblet chueh chalice fuddling cup Traditionally, a container with a large mouth big enough to insert the hand. Strangely , it is not mentioned in Early American Folk Pottery, Guiland, which suggests that it was not common at the time in the settlement of America. These forms are known as_____________________. salt cellars salters/Salting pan/Ham pan salt pot/kit salt shakers This weeks questions come from Illustrated Dictionary of Pottery Form, by Robert Fournier, c.1981, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Note from Pres: Last week a new book, this week an older one. This book is an excellent dictionary to identify forms, to explore functional forms and to understand how these forms work. It is one of my most worn books, and the cover is tatered but the information is still relevant. Answers: 4. all of the above-Pots and containers in the form of stylized houses and other buildings date back more than 5000 years. In Palestine, 3500 B.C., we find house-shaped burial urns. Other types of dwellings from all over the world include many from Han tombs-—five-storied houses of great magnificence; and smaller, very detailed models with doors, roof finials, windows, and shutters, etc.; a house on legs from 3rd to 6th century Japan has a pot neck incorporated in the roof. There are ”hut urns," models of simple houses with thatched roofs from Iron Age Europe, reed and mud houses from pre Dynastic Egypt . . . 4. carpet bowls-CARPET BOWLS Called taws in Scotland, where many of them were made, these are earthenware or stoneware balls of apparently solid clay, about 4 inches/l00mm in diameter, that were used in the game of "bowls" played in a carpeted corridor. One plain ball and six with colored rings made up a set. 3. chalice-CHALICE A bowl on a stem. The term now generally applies to the Eucharist wine cup, but it is also used to describe a general form which has persisted in great variety of proportion and shape for several thou- sand years. Early Minoan stem cups are described as chalices by Lacey (see L.GPBA in Booklist), some with handles or trefoil bowls; a tall, handsome 13th century B.C. Egyptian goblet shape is called a ”chalice” in the Fitzwilliam Museum; a much wider and squatter form is known as the "Etruscan bucchero chalice." The form is akin to the Greek kylix,or kalyx, from which its name probably derives. 3. salt pot/kit-SALT POT/KIT Traditionally, a container with a large vertical mouth big enough to insert the hand. Strangely, it is not mentioned in G.EAFP (see Booklist), which suggests that it was not common at the time in the settlement of America. In fact, most examples date from the late 18th or 19th centuries, although a 1749 Nottingham salt-glazed kit is in the Fitzwilliam Museum. Note from Pres- in the strand this week I posted some tips/hints. The link to Salt pigs was intentional, as the form is actually a word derivation from Salt Pot/Kit. Seems they looked like pigs when placed on their mouths and therefore Salt Pig became more prevalent. The word game Till Willy-just an old thinking game where words were mentioned as “She liked Potters, but didn't like pots, or she liked Glass, but didn't like glaze.” The answer was not in the words but the word structure. . .Till Willy liked pairs! So I was referring to the answer sequence 4433. All in all quite a week.